Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Labor and the World Trade Organization (WTO) Essay -- Business Economi
Labor and the World Trade Organization (WTO)Seven historic period of hatful negotiations at last gave birth to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, the U.S. labor movement was one of its leading skeptics. A world trade organization, labor supporters argued, would only accelerate the headlong rush to laissez-faire by dismantling national regulations. It would overwhelm attempts by nations to defend living standards and the ability of unions to strife for wages and health and safety lawsand it would make it harder for nations to defend the rights of workers to join unions. Labor lobbied hard against the WTO. But now, ironically, the WTO could become a critical venue for advancing workers rights worldwide. For the WTO has the powerfulness to review nations domestic laws that create unfair trade advantages including, potentially, labor laws. The WTO could define fair trade to include labor standards. Such linkage would be a historic change in the worlds trading regime, and lab ors stake in it. The idea of linking labor rights with trade policy has been around since shortly after World state of war II when efforts to create an international trading regime began in earnest. However, the WTO represents the first opportunity since 1948 to give the issue serious attention. Proponents of linking labor rights to trade rules build on the conventional case for free trade. For international commerce to be free, markets within countries must not be rigged to encourage exports and discourage imports. This is the fundamental convention of free trade and it is the central precept of the WTO. Labor markets are a special case, because they are not conventional free markets. Minimum-wage laws and guarantees of free collective dicker change the wages that market... ...ost marginalized people in Third World countries.Bibliography Reference The WTO and the Battle Over Labor Standards by Martin Khor, Third World Network create by Third World Network Features January 13, 1 997 http//www.wto.org/ Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement (Pierre Pescatore, William J. Davey & Andreas Lowenfeld eds., Transnational Publishers, 1991- )(ISBN 1-57105-032-9). Includes full text of WTO/GATT panel reports. Kept up-to-date by unbound supplements. The International Trade Law Reports (London Cameron May, 1996- )(ISSN 1364-9205). looseleaf including decisions of the World Trade Organization panels and the Appellate Body. Law and Practice of the World Trade Organization (Joseph F. Dennin ed., New York Oceana Publications, 1996- )(ISBN 0379213583). Looseleaf service includes Dispute Resolution binders containing WTO panel reports).