Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Evaluate Motivation Theories Essay

Individuals join and work in governments to meet their ask. They atomic number 18 paying attention to organizations that have the means of sustaining their involve. These means argon called incentives of rewards organizations use them to encourage individuals to contribute their efforts toward achieving organizational goals. The continued existence of an organization depends on its ability to interest and encourage individuals to accomplish these organizational and own(prenominal) goals. Newman (2010), Motivation is defined as goal-directed behavior. It concerns the level of effort peerless exerts in pursuing a goal. Managers be concerned with this concept because it is fast related to employee satisfaction and transaction performance (Para. The Concept of Motivation). There ar 2 main concepts of theories Maslows and Herzberg. Maslows need hierarchy surmisal divides human needs into five levels self-actualization, esteem, social, safety and physiological needs. Physiologi cal needs ar the basic human needs including food, clothing, shelter and other necessities of life. at one time these are satisfied they no longer motivate the individual. Safety needs include economic security, protection from physical danger. Social needs are love, affection, emotional needs, warmth and friendship. Esteem can be self-esteem, self-respect, self-confidence and recognition. Herzberg show that the factors causing melodic line satisfaction (and presumably motivation) were different from that causing job dissatisfaction. Herzberg called it hygiene factors, using the term hygiene in the sense that they are considered maintenance factors that are necessary to avoid dissatisfaction but that by themselves do not provide satisfaction. Company policy, supervision, race with boss, work conditions, salary and relationship are the leading in dissatisfaction. Achievement, recognition, work itself, responsibility, advancement and growth are the leading to satisfaction. The eff ectiveness of the application of these theories can be measured with observations of employee job satisfaction. Managers can evaluate satisfaction through employee surveys or by observing workers.ReferencesNewman, M. (2010). Motivation. Retrieved from http//business.ezine9.com/motivation-149b57b275.html

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