Wednesday, February 6, 2019
The Education of Nineteenth Century Women Artists :: Essays Papers
The Education of Nineteenth carbon Women ArtistsThe formal knowledge of women artistic creationistic productionists in the United States has taken quite a long journey. It wasnt until the nineteenth century that the workings of a recognised education for these women finally appeared. Two of the most famous and elite prepares of art that accepted, and still accept, women pupils are the Philadelphia prepare of devise for Women and the Pennsylvania Academy of the book Arts (the PAFA).Up until the early nineteenth century, women were mostly taught what is now called a fashionable education (Philadelphia School of Design for Women 5). Their mothers raised them to be proper, untried ladies and expert housekeepers in expectation of marriage. If these women were fortunate enough to receive most kind of formalized schooling, they were to study penmanship, limited aspects of their mother language, and very half-size arithmetic (Philadelphia School of Design for Women 5). Unfort unately, this small degree of education was highly constrictive to women. If they never married or were widowed at a young age, they really had no place to go. This form of womens education created generations of women that were almost entirely dependent on their husbands and male relatives.During the nineteenth century, when the feminist movement was beginning, many schools were pitched specifically for the education of women, such as the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, and also for the education of both. In the beginning, womens art schools mostly taught pupils practical applications of art. For example, female art students often studied draught and lithographing, in hopes that they would be hired by industrial companies as designers. The Philadelphia School of Design for Women was one of the first all womens art schools to establish this form of education.Founded in 1844 by a woman named Sarah turncock, the Philadelphia School of Design for Women was a school li ke none that had come before it. Peter was a wealthy woman of stature and decided to start this school in one of the rooms of her mansion and to hire a teacher to hold regular classes for women in art and design. (As a wonderful incentive for all women, tuition was free for the poor and the wealthy paid a very small sum.) Sarah Peter saw how truly poor the conventional education for women was and she strongly believed that every woman should stand by her sex, and then her reasoning for establishing this soon to become famous art school.