Wednesday, April 17, 2019
What are the Impediments to Restoring Peace in Post-Saddam Iraq Term Paper
What are the Impediments to Restoring Peace in Post-ibn Talal Hussein Iraq - Term Paper idealIn and after several stages over the next 12 grades or so, Iraq attained its freedom in the year 1932. Iraq was proclaimed as a republic in the year 1958, but in actual a series of armament strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last one known of them was Saddam Hussain. Iraq also had territorial disputes with Iran that led to an inconclusive and costly war for almost an entire decade from the year 1980 to 1988). In the year August 1990, Iraq captured Kuwait with the sole reason of capturing the major chunk of oil barter in the Middle East but was later on expelled by the US-led, UN nuclear fusion forces during the Gulf fight that happened during January-February 1991. It followed in the liberation of Kuwait, the UN Security Council (UNSC) put stringent conditions on Iraq to scrap every its weapons of mass closing and long-range missiles. (Tripp) The UNSC also pressurized Iraq t o allow UN verification inspectors to inspect its suspected nuclear facilities and centers for making of weapons of mass-destruction like biological weapons. Iraq didnt cede to and complied with the UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years that in turn led to the US-led usurpation of Iraq in the year March 2003 and the permanent ouster of the Saddam Hussain regime from Iraq. Under a UNSC mandate, the coalition forces are keeping a vigil in Iraq trying to keep the democracy alive and service to provide security to the common people and to support the freely elected democratic government. (Frontline) Iraqs economy is dominate by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of external exchange earnings. Although looting, insurgent attacks, and sabotage beget undermined economy-constructing efforts, economic activity is beginning to pick up in areas recently secured by the US military surge. Oil exports are around levels seen before Operation Iraqi Freedom, and tot al government revenues have benefited from utmost oil prices. (CIA The World Fact Book, Iraq)It is true that there has been a lot of rebuilding effort in Iraq with the intervention and aid of quite a few International Institutions and Countries and Iraq has made some progress to rebuild the institutions that it needs to implement and reap the rewards of the new economic policy. In this direction, Iraq has also negotiated an agreement for the reduction of debt with the capital of France Club and also a new Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF. Iraq has also received pledges for $13.5 billion in foreign aid for the period spanning 2004-07 from outside of the US, and also more than $33 billion in total pledges from all the aid givers. An understanding was reached with the current regime in Iraq in May 2007 to integrate Iraq into the regional and spherical economy without any apparent prejudices.